Cross Country Skiing (Ski de Fond) in Alpe d'Huez
There really is no better way to really enjoy all that Alpe d’Huez has to offer than getting out on the wonderful cross country skiing trails here in resort.
There are a total of 50km of perfectly groomed XC ski trails here, with 5 main trails providing a wide array of terrain.
Classic or Skating Style?
As a beginner go for classic style, where you generally keep your skis in a straight line and it’s more of a walking style, this is the basic style to initially master. Once you’ve mastered classic style you may decide this is for you and continue with your development of the technique. Alternatively, you may decide to take up skating style, this is the more advanced technique that you see the biathletes using. It’s more advanced and requires a more technical skill set. Top tip – to begin with stick with classic and see how you get on.
Skis & Poles
There are different skis for classic and skating, so make sure you get the right skis for the type of skiing you are going to do. The skis are longer than normal alpine skis, somewhere between 95% and 105% of your height, the poles are much longer too (between chest and shoulder height in relation to your body) for pushing uphill, so don’t be tempted to try and use your normal alpine ski poles.
Most XC skis are “wax-less” as the traction for going uphill is provided by a “fish-scale” type grip pattern on the central section on the bottom of the ski. If your skis don’t have a “grippy” section on the bottom you will need to wax them for traction, then you need to get the right wax. Soft wax = more grip uphill, but slower downhill. Hard wax = less grip uphill, but quicker downhill. Top tip – to begin with get skis with a “grippy” section to eliminate the wax issue.
Make sure your boots fit well, nice and snug. XC ski boots are more like a hiking boot, in many ways similar to a winter ankle style cycling boot. Ensure they fit well as you are basically walking and jogging in them whilst skiing for several hours a day.
Not every ski hire shop in resort hires out XC skis. Sport 2000 Jeannot Cabris Sport up at the DMC hires XC skis, both classic and skating style. Prices start at around €13 for one day up to around €70 for a week, this includes skis, poles and boots. Check in the shop for current prices.
Have a Lesson
Whilst XC skiing appears to be just walking, which it is on the flat and even on the uphill sections, going downhill is trickier than it looks. A lesson will provide you with the basic knowledge and skills that will allow you tackle uphill sections and more importantly come back downhill nice and safely. You will learn the basic descending style of one ski in the pre-formed track and one as a snowplough type brake. Once you’ve mastered this try and ski downhill in a snowplough type position. Local ski school ESF have fantastic XC ski instructors Take a look at the video and review of a lesson with ESF.
What to Wear?
Many of the XC skiers you see in resort wear clothing more along the lines of cycling clothing rather than that of normal alpine skiers. It gets very warm XC skiing, so wear layers that can be removed as necessary. Take a rucksack for your clothing and supplies. More fitted trousers will help with the technique of both classic and skating, less chaffing as your legs move. Helmets generally aren’t worn but you may want a bobble hat or headband to keep your ears warm. Remember it gets really warm going uphill and cooler going downhill. Gym/cycling base layers are great if you have them or something with a wicking layer. The wicking fabric helps remove the sweat from your torso and keep it in the material itself which helps keep you cool when climbing and also stops you getting cold when descending.
The “camelbak” type hydration backpacks are great for XC skiing, room for your layers and a drink combined as well. They also mean you can grab a drink without having to take your rucksack off and when you are drinking regularly this really helps. You will need around 1 litre of liquid for a 3 to 4 hour ski session. Make sure you keep taking fluids on to stay nicely hydrated, it really is thirsty work.
Take a Snack
Energy bars are great for XC skiing or a chocolate bar. You can burn in the region of 1500 calories in a 2 hour XC session at fairly high intensity, so you will need to keep your energy levels up. Bananas are always a great snack when exercising, the slow release potassium really helps fight fatigue.
ESF not only provide great lessons in XC skiing, you can even give biathlon a go. Located up the DMC by the Marcels Farm piste is ESF’s biathlon area. There’s an XC ski track combined with a laser shooting area. Laser rifles really test your eye and nerve. Can you control your pulse and shoot after a tough XC skiing loop?
Where to Go?
There are some 50km of XC ski trails here in Alpe d’Huez, the trails are loops (“boucles” in French) so you end up back where you started. The trails are in tremendous condition and are prepared in the same way as the normal pistes, with the addition of a preformed classic XC ski style track. 2 preformed grooves around 4” deep and around 12” apart that are prefect for classic XC skiing. There are 2 tracks on each trail, one on the left and one on the right hand side, basically we ski on the right here in France (like driving) so it’s up on the right hand side and then down on the other track (again the right as you descend) this avoids and problems between uphill and downhill XC skiers.
The loops are graded like ski runs as well, blues are the easiest and reds are a bit harder. We only have blues and reds here in Alpe d’Huez. All the loops and trails are clearly marked and signposted and are really easy to follow.
The 5 Main Cross-Country Ski Trails
Boucle Huez (The Huez loop) – Blue trail – 10km loop. Starting and finishing in Huez village, it takes you up and down the Sarenne gorge all the way up the end of the Sarenne black run by the pick-up point for the “scare chair”. Mainly shaded and in the bottom of a valley, this is a nice tree lined track well away from the crowds, but it can get really cold.
Boucle Rochette (The Auris loop) – Blue then red trail - 16km in total. Over in Auris across the scare chair from resort, the blue section runs from Auris in a direction back towards Alpe d’Huez and joins up with the red section which is around the Auris signal area. The red section is north facing and like the Huez loop can get quite chilly.
Boucle de Brandes (The altiport loop) – Blue trail – 6km in total. From the Les Bergers area it heads out around the golf course, past the Altiport and up towards the medieval fort. It provides stunning views of the Sarenne gorge and across the valley towards Les Deux Alpes.
Boucle de Poutran (The DMC loop) – Blue trail – 10km in total. From the base of the DMC lift station up towards the DMC mid-station but going around the periphery of the bowl rather than the normal alpine skiing pistes. At the top of the trail where it meets the Boucle des Lacs is the “hippodrome” area, a XC dedicated track area, which is perfect for practicing and with great views
Boulce des Lacs – (The lake loop) – Red trail – 10km in total. This trail starts up at the highest point of the Boucle de Poutran and can be accessed from the DMC lift mid-station of you don’t fancy the uphill ski to it. It takes you right out to the Lac Du Besson and then onto the L’Alpette ski lift and back again. A lovely loop with some steeper sections, but nothing too bad. The restaurant at Lac Besson is a real hidden gem that can be found here as well.
Do I need a Ski Pass?
You don’t necessarily need a lift pass as it’s possible to ski “up” all the trails, however if you don’t fancy all the uphill skiing you can of course use your normal lift pass. If you don’t have a normal lift pass you can get a limited XC ski lift pass, you use the same lifts, but you can only use the lifts that serve the XC trails (DMC – yes, Pic Blanc = no for example). As use is limited to certain lifts, an XC lift pass is much cheaper, around €85 for a 6 day pass. As with normal lift passes these are purchased through SATASKI.
You do Need a License
The trails are in tremendous condition and their maintenance does come a price! You need a XC ski licence (Forfait Fond) an annual pass costs around €77,50 whereas a day licence costs around €9,00. This contributes to the trail preparation and mountain rescue.
Check the cross country skiing map for a view of the trails.
Location: Alpe d'Huez Valley
Activities: Cross-Country Skiing